A stroke is a sudden loss of one or more functions of the brain.
It can happen to anyone, at any time. It is therefore important to be able to recognize its symptoms. Acting quickly reduces mortality by 30% and limits the severity of lesions (loss of speech, paralysis, etc.).
What are the symptoms of a stroke ?
To remember this, there is a mnemonic: FAST.
F : Facial drooping
A : Arm weekness
S : Speech difficulties
T : Time to call emergency services
What to do ?
As in the acronym above, call the emergency services directly (15 if you are in France). Whether you have a plan, a blocked phone or not, it will still work and the call is free.
While waiting for help:
The case of transient ischemic stroke (TIA), less visible:
In stroke, blood flow is interrupted, either by a blockage in a cerebral artery (ischemic stroke) or by a ruptured cerebral artery (hemorrhagic stroke). For transient ischemic attack (TIA), the symptoms are sometimes a little less noticeable (numbness of the face, numbness or loss of strength in one arm, blindness or transient vision disturbance, speech disturbances) and disappear within a few minutes. But it means that there is an obstacle to the circulation of blood in the brain. The urgency and the need for appropriate management are the same, because the risk of having a new stroke within 24 hours is high.
The Heart & Stroke video below takes place in Quebec and the emergency number is different (911), otherwise it clearly reflects the principles of stroke intervention: